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They propose a rate of 7.8 euros for all plane tickets

The report of the committee of experts for the fiscal reform of Spain includes among its proposals the creation of an environmental tax that would levy the purchase of plane tickets with a rate of 7.85 euros per passenger, a measure that would allow to collect around 952 million annually.

The document, presented this Thursday, highlights the “significant environmental costs” generated by air transport and considers that this tax would facilitate a decrease in the number of passengers using the plane and, at the same time, accelerate the ecological transition in the sector.

In his opinion, the increase in flights “together with a limited development and introduction of non-polluting technologies” requires “corrective actions on the sector to avoid unacceptable impacts” after the number of passengers “practically doubled” between 2009 and 2019 , to which is added that the projection is that it will continue to increase at a strong rate during this decade. The projection of the committee of experts is based on a rate of 7.85 euros per passenger, which is “in the middle range of European applications” and is the same amount as that approved in the Netherlands in 2021.

Almost 1,000 million

According to his calculations, the tax would report 952 million euros a year to the State coffers, would cause the number of passengers to fall by 8.5% (compared to the statistics of 2019, when Spain broke records in terms of tourism) and the greenhouse gas emissions would be reduced by 5.6%. The proposal aims to “incorporate environmental costs into airline tickets with the aim of moderating demand”, seeking to favor “modal change in short journeys” – that is, the use of other means of transport such as the train – and at the same time promote “the implementation of technologies compatible with the ecological transition”.

In fact, the tax should not be applied to flights that do not generate direct greenhouse gas emissions, in order to launch an incentive for the sector. The report includes the conclusions of various studies that analyze the existing experiences in eight European countries, and specifies that in some cases there have been “significant reductions in the number of passengers” after the introduction of this tax.

The “impacts of the proposal”

“Given the relevance of tourist activities in Spain, the committee recommends special attention to the impacts of this proposal, its interactions with the taxation of aviation kerosene and the use of part of the collection for compensatory purposes on said sector”, says the document. The experts also warn that “an important part” of the foreign tourists who visit Spain “are already affected by national taxes on plane tickets” due to the rates already in force in their countries of origin.

They also recommend accompanying this measure with “compensatory mechanisms” aimed at households with less economic capacity to prevent this rate from hindering their access to air transport, and advise “the partial refund of the tax to residents of the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands, Ceuta and Melilla”. According to his estimates, extending the current air discount to those who live in these regions would cost 32.7 million euros.

  • travels
  • airplane
  • air Transport
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